What Is Employer Group Health Insurance?
Employer group health insurance is a single insurance policy option that is offered by a business or individual employer to their employees. It is an overall benefit of being an employee of the company and employees can ultimately decide whether or not they want to enroll in the coverage.
Not only does employer group health insurance offer a level of medical coverage to employees, but plans usually cover dependents as well. Depending on the size of the company and the financial model, group health insurance policies might cover 100% of the monthly plan cost or a percentage.
There are many different types of employer group health insurance plans, but the main idea is that the plans cost less for an employee because the insurance risk is spread out across the entire company. Group health insurance costs an employee less (or nothing at all if a company pays 100%) and saves a significant amount of money when compared to an individual insurance plan.
For business owners, at least one full-time employee is required to enroll in most group health insurance plans. However, it is worth noting that small businesses are not required to offer health insurance for their employees. The Affordable Care Act defines a small business as 2-50 full-time employees. There are also rules and regulations involved when offering health insurance coverage to employees that business owners need to understand.
What This Means for Employees
Employees have the opportunity to enroll in a company’s group health insurance plan when they become a part of the company. It is usually included in an employee’s onboarding paperwork and plan eligibility usually happens within the first 30 or so days of employment. If an employee already works for a company and the company decides to enroll in a group health insurance plan, current employees are also eligible.
It is ultimately the employees choice to enroll or decline the group health insurance depending on their personal situation, but there are many benefits:
- Group health insurance plans can include medical, health, and dental coverage
- Pharmacy coverage is typically included or a percentage of prescriptions
- Life and disability coverage can be included as part of the group health insurance plan
- Many plans are now including health and wellness services such as psychiatrist appointments
- Many companies offer 50%+ coverage so the individual cost of coverage is significantly less
- Many companies often cover 100%, so this is a major benefit for employees in addition to salary and other competitive benefits
- Plans typically offer dependent coverage which can save a family hundreds of dollars a month
- Individual medical plans and premiums are determined by a person’s specific medical conditions, but group health insurance plan premiums are set for the company
- Some companies will enroll in a plan that also supports part-time employees
- Every year plans have open enrollment, so current employees can change their minds and opt into the plan or adjust their current plan
What This Means for a Business Owner
For business owners, offering group health insurance makes your benefits competitive when compared to other companies, which is extremely attractive to employees. Not only that, but with group health insurance plans, businesses can potentially qualify for tax credits and money paid for coverage is often considered tax-deductible.
Employer-based group health insurance is a great way for an employer to provide a level of security and medical accessibility to their employees. It also represents a significant investment on the employer’s end though, so having the budget available to support a group plan is critical and brokerage firms can help provide options.
Group health insurance plans for employers can cost multiple thousands of dollars annually per employee. Premiums are also a monthly expense, so this represents a recurring budget line item that grows as a company grows. On the flip side, providing medical coverage to employees directly relates to healthier employees who are more productive and able to work.
In addition, for small businesses or businesses starting out with fewer employees, the Affordable Care Act is set up to offset the additional cost of group health insurance by offering tax credits.
Small and large business owners can enroll in group health insurance plans throughout the year, so benefits can grow and change with the company. There is also a lot of flexibility for business owners in choosing a plan for their employees. Plans often require a 70%+ participation rate, so the plan should be attractive enough for employees to choose the group plan over enrolling on their own individually.
Business owners are also eligible for group coverage as a bonus perk.
At HealthGuys we are experts in health insurance. If you are a business owner and have a question about the best policy options for your employees contact us or submit our form for a free quote.